NowRead On : the home page >> Workshops>> Plagiarism : keeping up with the cheats

    Plagiarism : keeping up with the cheats
    A bibliography

    Return to Home Page Return to Now Read On Home Page     To the Robert College Library Home PageTo RobCol Library

    This is the latest version of a constantly revised webliography.
    It has long been impossible to record every piece, page or article dealing with plagiarism - if ever it was possible.
    My Google News Alert brings in three or four new hits every day, sometimes more.
    I now record only the more significant finds, the ones with something new to say.

    1.   Papers, articles, webliographies and more.
    2.    A selection of Plagiarism detection software and detection services.

    A number of pages cited here can no longer be accessed at the URL given.
    They may have moved to a different address, they may have been removed altogether.
    When known, these are shown in gray.
    This is one of the problems of internet citation - and of plagiarism detection!
    Three things you can try:
    <1>  copy and paste details from this page (eg author and/or title) into your favorite search engine/s and see if there is a new link - or perhaps a copy elsewhere;
    <2>  use Google's cache to find a copy of the original - and print it out if you find it; the cache does not last forever!
    <3>  see if there is a copy in The Wayback Machine at the Internet Archive, <>.

    Recently added entries are marked NEW! .
    If you find a dud link, please let me know.

    See also the page Detecting plagiarism : a self-help guide in the Current Concerns section of these web pages.

    Papers, articles, webliographies and more.

    "Academic Honesty - Combating Plagiarism."  Ontario School Library Association. 2003.  <>  (20 October 2006).
    Links to several powerpoint presentations, discussion documents and worksheets, intended for faculty use and for student use;  deals with plagiarism and with other academic honesty issues.

    "Academic honesty self test."  University of Melbourne/ University of Sydney.  n.d.. <>  (20 October 2006).

    "Academic integrity."  University of Kent. 2006. <> 18 June 2007.
    Pages provide guides and resources, approaching the issue from a "this is what scholars do" angle designed to promote good practice.

    "The academic integrity tutorial."  York University (Toronto, Canada). 2005.  <> (20 October 2006).

    "Academic Integrity at UNC-CH :: Resource Links for Faculty." University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, n.d. <> (20 December 2003). 
    A very useful, classified, set of links, including sections on "Plagiarism and Academic Misconduct, Advice on prevention and detection, Resources to Assist Students to Learn About and Avoid Plagiarism, Useful Quizzes to Evaluate Student Learning About Plagiarism, Research ethics: resources for use in teaching and discussion (including case studies), Ethics (in various disciplines), and Resources for Integrating Ethics in Many Subjects Across the Curriculum."

    ACI Writing Assistance Center. "ACI net guide to term papers." nd. <> (14 December 2000).

    Ackerman, Todd. "Colleges' war against cheats goes high-tech: Computers used to fight rising Internet plagiarism." University of Houston, October 6, 2003. <> (27 October 2003).  

    "Actions that might be seen as plagiarism." OWL at Purdue University: Avoidable Plagiarism: Printable Handouts.  nd. <> (30 April 2002).

    Amy, Jeff. "Suspicious professor leads to use of web program to deter cheating." December 19, 2004. <> (20 December 2004).
    Suggests that "many students arrive in [college] classroom without having learned the academic rules of citation, footnote and bibliography"; also notes that Turnitin et al are not good at discerning paraphrased material. Gives Turnitin statistics at odds with other articles.

    "Anti-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers." nd.  <> (12 June 2000).

    Arko, Melinda, Lynn McAllister and Halima Goss. "Constructing an online Academic Integrity Kit: An institutional approach at QUT." Paper presented at the 2nd Asia-Pacific Educational Integrity Conference: Values in Teaching, Learning and Research, Newcastle, December 2005. <> (17 November 2008).
    Background to the construction of the academic integrity kit (AIK) at QUT.  The AIK was designed for student and for instructor use, a workpack from which instructors could take material and adapt as needed and as appropriate, and from which students could self-learn. The PowerPoint presentation is available at <>

    Asia-Pacific Educational Integrity Conference. Papers and Abstracts. 2005. <> (17 November 2008).
    Proceedings of the 2nd Asia-Pacific Educational Integrity Conference; includes PowerPoints slides and papers presented during the conference.

    Association of Teachers and Lecturers. "School work plagued by plagiarism - ATL survey." Press Release, 18 January 2008. < Jan 2008 - School work plagued by plagiarism - ATL.pdf> (20 May 2010)
    Facts and figures re the prevalence of plagiarism in UK schools.

    "Atlanta-based software company addresses plagiarism problem." Press Release, May 19, 2004. <> (21 May 2004).
    Press release announcing PowerResearcher.

    "Avoiding plagiarism : Online tutorial : Don't cheat yourself."  University of Leicester Student Learning Centre, 22 September 2008.  <> (17 November 2008).
    Excellent interactive tutorial, with examples for various departments and faculties and subjects. 

    “Avoiding Plagiarism : Plagiarism Examples.” The Hekman Library, Calvin College, nd. <> (14 November 2008).
    Examples of plagiaristic and acceptable use of sources, with explanations.

    To the top of the page.

    Badge, Jo and Jon Scott. "Dealing with plagiarism in the digital age." November 2009. 2009 Synthesis Project, final report. <> (14 December 2009)
    A review of the literature which reminds us that (1) online detection systems are far from perfect, (2) that many elements have to be in place to help and encourage students to become good scholars, and (3) that changes in assessment & assignment may play a vital role: "Staff can now be shown that their assignments can be answered by a single google query and repeated high levels of plagiarism on such assignments may force them to reflect on their own practices". The study also looks at use of online detection tools as a means of improving student writing.

    Barbalace, Kenneth. "Plagiarism, Copyright Infringement, Fair Use and Environmental Organizations."  October 16, 2007. <> (18 October 2007).
    A powerful response to those who think that plagiarism and breach of copyright are victimless crimes, that nobody suffers.

    Bassnet, Susan. "Gotcha! cheats won't prosper any more." The Independent eTeach, 16 October 2003, p.3.  

    Bates, Peggy and Margaret Fain. "Detecting Plagiarized Papers." Kimbel Library : Cheating 101 : Detecting Plagiarism. 3 March 2000. <> (23 May 2000).

    Baty, Phil. "Plagiarism edict slated." The Times Higher Education Supplement, August 20, 2004. <> (20 August 2004).
    Sunderland University's new policy on plagiarism, aiming to distinguish between deliberate plagiarism and accidentally falling foul of academic conventions, has decreed that copying of less than 20% of the text can be treated as a minor offence. The policy has its critics....

    Baty, Phil. "Plagiarist student to sue university." TimesOnline, May 28, 2004. <,,3561-1126250,00.html> (31 May 2004).
    Discusses the University of Kent student who threatened to sue his unversity for not advisng him earlier that plagiarism is wrong.

    Bauer, Charlotte. "Plagiarism Isn't Ambiguous; It's Just Theft, Plain And Simple." Sunday Times (Johannesburg), February 7, 2005. <> (14 February 2005). 
    Argues that those who know better should not and cannot claim ignorance, forgetfulness, misunderstandings or other - and it's no good blaming the person they plagiarized from either!

    Bear, Jennifer Marie. "Why students cheat." Oregon Daily Emerald, December 01, 2003. <> (3 December 2003).
    This is the first in a series of articles, published one a day through the week. The others are: "Methods of cheating, High-tech cheating", "The consequences of cheating", "Stopping cheaters in their tracks: The University is fighting plagiarism with techniques such as honor codes", and "Profile of a cheater".

    Beasley, James Douglas. "The impact of technology on plagiarism prevention and detection: research process automation, a new approach for prevention;" a paper presented at the "Plagiarism: Prevention, Practice and Policies 2004" Conference held by the JISC Plagiarism Advisory Service, June 28-30, St James Park, Newcastle upon Tyne, England. < download/plagiarism_tech_impact.pdf> (24 June 2004).
    Paper presented to launch PowerResearcher.

    Beck, Holly. "McGill Refuses to Use Plagiarism Detectors: Systems like Create Atmosphere of Mistrust on Campus, Says Admin." The McGill Daily, 10 January 2002.  <> (5 September 2002).

    Bivens, Teel and Kenny Sahr. "Click here to cheat: the net is brimming with term papers,  making for a revolution in cribbing. Can laws really turn the tide?" Time, Vol 2, Issue 1997, November 1, 1997, 25. Global NewsBank.  <> (6 April 2000).

    Black, David Alan. "Tracing Web Plagiarism: a Guide for Teachers." Fall1999. <> (30 May 2000).

    Bleifus, James M. "Plagiarism issue." (Letter to) The Santa Rosa Press Democrat, April 26, 2002.   <> (30 April 2002).

    Bodnar, Chris. "The Fulcrum Online: Precedent set in student plagiarism victory." 1997. <> (12 June 2000).

    Boehm, Diane Christian.  "About plagiarism and pixels."  Educators' Outlook, April 1, 1997. <> (26 April 2001).

    Bowen, Caroline. "Copy-cats, copyright, & clones."  May 29, 2002. <> (7 June 2002).

    Bowen, Caroline. "A few words about PLAGIARISM."  September 16, 2001. <> (7 June 2002.

    Bowman, Vibiana, ed.  The plagiarism plague: a resource guide and CD-ROM tutorial for educators and librarians. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, 2004.
    Heavily loaded towards promotion of integrity and honesty,  a very useful book of readings (and a disappointing cd-rom).

    Boynton, Robert S. "Is honor up for grabs? Education isn't about surveillance." The Washington Post, May 27, 2001, B01. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (4 June 2001).

    Brandt, D. Scott. "Copyright's (not so) little cousin, plagiarism." Computers in Libraries, May 2002, 39-41.

    Braumoeller, Bear F. and Brian J. Gaines.  "Actions Do Speak Louder than Words: Deterring Plagiarism with the Use of Plagiarism-Detection Software." PS Online, American Political Science Association, December 2001. <> (11 October 2002).

    Bruce, Harry.  "Universities, newspapers aren’t serious enough about stamping out plagiarism." The ChronicleHerald, n.d. <> (24 April 2006).
    Argues that plagiarism and other forms of academic dishonesty are becoming so widespread that the stigma of being caught is ever lessened; also argues against those who believe that on the grounds of diminution of trust are opening the floodgates.

    Buckell, Jim. "Plagiarism programs hit glitch." Australian IT, October 15, 2003. <,7204,7559677%5e15330%5e%5enbv%5e15306-15319,00.html> (16 October 2003). 

    Bull, Joanna, Carol Collins, Elisabeth Coughlin and Dale Sharp. "Technical review of plagiarism detection software report." (A Report) Prepared for the Joint Information System Committee (by members of) the Computer Assisted Assessment Centre, University of Luton, 2001. <> (25 April 2002).

    Bunting, Chris, and Steve Hook. "An A for simply surfing the Net?" Times Educational Supplement, February 25, 2000, 5.

    Burns, Jerry.  "Frequently Asked Questions about Plagiarism." 2006. <> (8 November 2008).
    A human look at plagiarism.

    Bushweller, Kevin. "Digital deception: the internet makes cheating easier than ever." March 1999. <> (1 July 2000).

    Bushnell, Vergil. "'Nowhere to hide:' professors get high-tech on cheating."The Retriever - Focus, October 16, 2001. <> (19 April 2002).

    "'But I changed the words...': educcating the cut and paste generation...".  Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2002.  <> (4 April 2008).
    Two-sided sheet with advice for teachers as well as students.

    To the top of the page.

    Carlson, Erin. "Important Message on Plagiarism." nd. <> (16 May 2000).

    Carlson, Erin. "Student Essay Network - These are some of the responses sent to me since taking my site down." nd. <> (16 May 2000).

    Carroll, Jerry. "Plagiarism: publish and perish." Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada), 10 August 1991, D5. Sirs Knowledge Source. <> (15 March 2001).

    Carroll, Jude.  "Jude Carroll on Plagiarism."  University of Nottingham PGCHE.  July 22, 2008. <>  (7 November 2008).
    Video in which Jude Carroll talks of using sources within the context of learning and transformation. She offers seven key factors which, together, make for a different mind-set (teacher as well as student) and lessen the opportunities and the "need" for plagiarism.  There is a transcript of the the video which makes this even more important a resource.

    Carroll Jude and Fiona Duggan. “Institutional change to deter student plagiarism: what seems essential to a. holistic approach?” Paper presented at the 2nd Asia-Pacific Educational Integrity Conference, 2006. < carroll_0511_edd.pdf>
    Report on a study of institutions attempting to implement a holistic approach to plagiarism deterrence, the problems and what works.

    Carroll, Jude and Jo Appleton.  "Plagiarism: a good practice guide." (A Report prepared for the Joint Information System Committee).  May2001. <> (25 April 2002).

    Cartwright, Sue. "Dealing with plagiarism." RBL and the Prevention of Plagiarism,  June 2001. <> (26 October 2001).

    Cartwright, Sue. "How to reduce plagiarism." RBL and the Prevention of Plagiarism,  May 2001. <> (26 October 2001).

    Case, Jenifer. "Cut and paste." The Daily Bruin Online, March 22, 2004. <> (23 March 2004).  
    Notable for students' voices; some suggestion (vis a vis Erin Carlson) that some students may buy essays to get an idea of what they need to write about; also the suggestion that many students won't blow the whistle on others they know are cheating, even if cheaters get unfair advantage.

    Caterson, Simon. "A plagiarism on them all." Fairfax Digital The Age, November 20, 2004. <> (22 November 2004).
    Has the hysteria gone too far?

    Center for Academic Integrity. "The Center for Academic Integrity."  2002. <>  (20 October 2006).

    Center for Academic Integrity.  "Resources for Your Institution  : How to Get Started. " <> (20 October 2006).
    Extremely useful page of articles, papers, worksheets and discussion documents to help schools working towards promption of academic integrity and honor.

    Center for Intellectual Property. "Current issues and resources: plagiarism." 2002. <> (31 August 2002; revisited 25 October 2007).
    This is a splendid resource which has grown since my first "visit".  A wide-ranging list of resources and links, not just to plagiarism but to academic honesty issues in general.  Other pages in CIP include copyright management, fair use, international issues etc etc etc.

    Chandler, Angie and Lynne Blair.  "Batch plagiarism detection with Turnitin: draft report."  9 August 2002. <>  (3 June 2003).

    Charbonneau, Léo. "The cheat checker: the use of to combat plagiarism is raising passions on Canada’s campuses." University Affairs, 16 March 2004. <> (1 April 2004).
    Many Canadian universities are using Turnitin and loving it, but many instructors have reservations about the ethics, legalities, and use of the service.

    "Charlotte Observer : Is plagiarism a problem?" The Charlotte Observer, May 4, 2004. <> (5 May 2004). 
    Young Voices column: a number of high school students have their say about plagiarism.

    Chester, Gill.  "Pilot of free-text plagiarism detection software."(A Report prepared for the Joint Information System Committee. August 2001.<> (25 April 2002).

    Chidley, Joe. "Tales out of school: cheating has long been a great temptation,and the Internet makes it easier than ever." Maclean's, November 24, 1997, 76 ff. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (24 May 2000).

    Chilling Effects Clearinghouse. "Frequently asked questions (and answers) about copyright and fair use."  (2007?).  Chilling Effects.  <> (18 October 2007).
    Maintained by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and several law schools, the site presents information about copyright and patent issues.  This particular page is an intensive look at fair use situations.

    Cohen, Harvey. "Internet research: the good, the bad and the ugly." NewsLinks, March 2001, p. 17.

    Colby, Christopher F. "Plagiarism in Cyberspace: Prevention, Detection Strategies Exist." 13 December 1999.  <> (20 March 2000.)

    Colhoun, A. "But - I found it on the internet! With so much homework done online, kids need better skills to sort good information from bad." ChristianScience Monitor, April 25, 2000, 16. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (24 May 2000).

    "Colleges beefing up honor codes to curb cheating.", September 2, 2003. <> (3 September 2003).

    “Common Knowledge.” Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism : Using Sources : The Writing Center, Yale College. 2008. <> (14 November 2008).
    Excellent explanation of common knowledge, and why it is often hard to pin down. Also a good discussion of paraphrasing available at <>.

    CommonsenseMedia. "Hi-Tech Cheating: Cell Phones and Cheating in Schools: A National Poll."  CommonsenseMedia October 2009. <> (29 October 2009).
    Results of a survey which reveals that children use their cell phones much more than parents think, and that they use them to cheat.

    "Computer program IDs possible student plagiarism.", May 10, 2001.  <> (18 May 2001).

    Connelly Chronicle. "You Really Do Know More Than Your Students." nd. <> (20 March 2000).

    Corliss, George. "158 Scholarship - Cite Your Sources." 13 June 1997. <> (18 September 2002).

    Cowen, Tricia. "Your work, or the Web's?" Christian Science Monitor, 93 (69), 6 March 2001. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (16 March 2001).

    Crankshaw, Joe. "Beware the lure of plagiarism as your child uses the Internet." TCPalm, May 29, 2004. <,1651,TCP_1133_2923029,00.html> (31 May, 2004).
    Includes the suggestion that the bad habits are embued at elementary school level.

    Cricco-Lizza, Carla and Tara St. Angelo. "Internet and cheating: perfect together." The Acorn, September 19, 2003. <> (27 October 2003). 

    "CTRL + C, CTRL + V." Teaching Tips 68.  (n.d.) <> (7 January 2005.)
    Makes language teaching points out of the University of Kent case. (Take care citing; this page auto updates the date...)

    Culwin, Fintan and Thomas Lancaster.  "A Review of Electronic Services for Plagiarism Detection in Student Submissions."  (2000?). <> (11 October 2002).

    Custom Research Papers <> (20 January 2005)
    This custom paper site claims to have ethical values; question 17 on the FAQ page asks "Is it ethical?". Part of the answer reads: "At Custom Research Papers we believe it's ethical to get an outside help and delegate your writing assignments to professional writers same as if you would get your watches fixed or car repaired by the third party experts." 

    Dante, Ed. "The Shadow Scholar: the man who writes your students' papers tells his story." The Chronicle Review : The Chronicle of Higher Education. November 12, 2010. <>  (12 April 2011).
    A bleak account by a custom-essay writer, the people he writes for, and how the education system fails to spot, at least the most obvious of frauds.

    "The darkening shadow of stolen words." The Age, August 24, 2003. <> (25 August 2003).

    Davis, Barbara Gross.  "Preventing Academic Dishonesty."   (online chapter from a book, Tools for Teaching, pub. 1993).  (last updated April 2002). <> (20 October 2006).

    Dawkins, Stephen. "No formal policy for copycat profs : Stealing work common, not limited to students." The Crimson White Online, January 19, 2005. <> (7 February 2005).
    It's not just students who plagiarize, but the penalties for instructors who offend may not always be in line as the penalties meted out to students.

    Dean, Katie. "Plagiarist booted; others wait."  Wired News, August 9, 2001. <,1383,45802,00.html> (21 October 2001).

    Dehnart, Andy. "Salon: The Web's plagiarism police." Salon, 14June 1999. <> (16 May 2000).

    DeSena, Laura Hennessey.  Preventing plagiarism: tips and techniques.  Urbana IL: NCTE, 2007.
    A research-based positive approach to preventing plagiarism, with emphasis on process rather than product.  Produced by NCTE but examples apply across all subjects.

    Dordoy, Alan. "Cheating and Plagiarism: Student and Staff Perceptions at Northumbria." Northumbria Conference [on-line], <> (16 October 2003). 

    Dornin, Rusty.  "Internet watchdog could stop collegiate copycats.", November 21, 1999. <> (18 May 2001).

    Drury, Claire. "Search,  print and file!: cd-roms and the instant learning experience." School Librarian 45 (1),  Spring 1997, 10-11.

    Eakin, Emily.  "Copycats have high-tech foe : Software programs can spot plagiarism." San Francisco Chronicle, January 29, 2002.
    <>  (11 October 2002).

    Edlund, John R. "What is 'plagiarism' and why do people do it?" nd. <> (30 May 2000).

    Edmundson, Mark. "How Teachers Can Stop Cheaters." New York Times,September 9, 2003. <> (27 October 2003).

    Education World : Teaching Resource.  "Student Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism." Education World, 2002.  <>  (24 April 2006).
    Reproducible guide to avoiding plagiarism; emphasises the note-making process.

    Ehrlich , Heyward. "Plagiarism and Anti-Plagiarism." 20 March 2000.<> (12 June 2000).

    Ekdahl, Moira, Daphne Elwick and Keith McPherson. "Beating the Cheating: A Webquest for Teachers." July 1999. <> (28 May 2001).

    Ellis, Charles J. "Students turn against service." The Retriever, February 17, 2004. <> (18 February 2004). 
    Problems may arise if instructors do not double-check the source of a match found by Turnitin; other drawbacks of the online plagiarism detection system are described as well.

    Emerson, Adam.  "UT Student Sues School, Says It Slandered Her."  The Tampa Tribune/ 1 November 2006.  <>  (6 November 2006).
    Although she claimed her work was not plagiarised, the university submitted her paper to  It was returned with negative findings, and the student is now suing for defamation of character.

    Ercegovac, Zorana, and John V. Richardson.  "Academic dishonesty, plagiarism included, in the digital age: a literature review.  College and Research Libraries 65 (4), July 2004, 301-18. WilsonWeb <> (13 March 2007).
    A wide-ranging review of the literature in many aspects of plagiarism and academic dishonesty.

    EssayCrawler Latest News. "EssayCrawler : the essay portal : Latest News." 9 April 2000. <> (22 June 2000). " : term paper ripoff scams and essay fraud : MasterPapers - BestEssays - SuperiorPapers - Turnitin."  2006.  <> (28 November 2006)
    This site aims to name and shame several hundred paper mills.  The site suggests that a great many of the sites offering custom-written papers probably employ cheap unqualified amateurish and underpaid writers; this includes many sites with apparently US or UK names and addresses.  The site offers much advice on plagiarism avoidance, and also a page which suggests that may be ineffective and unreliable.  No contact details are given, although there is a form by which visitors can submit comments etc.

    To the top of the page.

    Fain, Margaret. "Easy Steps to Combatting Plagiarism." Kimbel Library: Cheating 101 : Detecting Plagiarism. 5 May 2000. <> (23 May 2000).

    Fandel, Linda.  "Teach kids earlier about avoiding plagiarism.", May 29, 2007.  <> (30 May 2007).
    Several articles of late have been saying, you cannot start early enough.

    Feller, Judy. "Plagiarism and the Internet." Judy Feller's PlagiarismSources.  May 23, 1998. <> (16 September 2002).

    Fitzgerald, Mary Ann. "Evaluating Information: An Information Literacy Challenge." School Library Media Research, Vol 2, 1999.  <> (19 October 2000).

"Focus on plagiarism." Writing Across The Curriculum 20, November 2001. <> (12 December 2004).
Several articles on plagiarism, including:
          Marshall, Cynthia. "Plagiarism in English;"
          Bullock, Rich. "Helping students remain academically honest;"
          Wyrick, Steven. "International students and academic writing: is it a problem of plagiarism or academic literacy?"
          Maner, Martin. "Plagiarism: causes and prevention."
A special edition of a newsletter published by Wright State University.

    Freedman, Morris.  "Don't Blame the Internet for Plagiarism." Education Week on the Web, December 2, 1998. <>  (11 October 2002).

    Freedman, Morris.  "A tale of plagiarism and a new paradigm."  Phi Delta Kappan 85 (7), March 2004, 545-548.
    Concerned about plagiarism by his students, preservice teachers in training, Freedman offers a different approach to plagiarism prevention.

    Frick, Theodore W. "How to recognize plagiarism." School of Education, Indiana University Bloomington, September 2003. <> (15 October 2003).
    Note: this set of pages includes several interactive self-tests, " What is Plagiarism at Indiana University?" There are many how-to-avoid sites which include examples and self-tests; this is one of the most thorough of those sites.  A visit is urged. 

    "Full-service fakery: inside the life of a professional essay writer and test taker.", April 29, 2004. 
    <>  (9 September 2004).
    The original link went dead, but the article is still available: < fakery-abc.pdf>  (5 May 2006).
    When it is done professionally, is there any defence against academic dishonesty? Quote Andy says he thinks there's nothing wrong with what he's doing. Everybody wins - the writer gets money, the student/client and his parents are happy, and the school doesn't have to fear an expulsion or transfer endquote. O tempora o mores (that's another quote, jrr)

    Gaither, Renoir.  "Plagiarism Detection Services." Resources Promoting Academic Integrity for Instructors.  Latest update February 10, 2006.  <> (5 May 2006).

    Gaither, Renoir.  "Suspicious Signs Exercise."   Resources Promoting Academic Integrity for Instructors.  September 13, 2002.  <>  (11 October 2002).

    Gajadhar, Joan. "Issues in Plagiarism for the New Millennium: An Assessment Odyssey." 8 December 1998. <> (24 April 2000).

    Galvin, Kelly and Jocelyn Heath. "Beating cheating." Baltimore Online - BSide, October 2003. <> (7 October 2003). 

    Gardner, David. "Plagiarism and how to avoid it." 22 July 1999, last update 2006. <> (20 October 2006).

    Gawith, Gwen. "Intellectual property: What teachers need to teach.", October 29, 2002. <> (17 October 2003). 

    Gillis, Theresa, and Janeanne Rockwell-Kincanon. "From Download your Workload to the Evil House of Cheat: Cybercheating, Plagiarism, and Intellectual Property Theft." Cybercheating: Online Northwest 2000.  February2, 2000. <>  (6 September 2001).

    Gilmore, Barry. Plagiarism : why it happens, how to prevent it : study guide. Portsmouth NH: Heinemann, 2008.  < E02250/studyGuide.pdf> (1 May 2009).
    Two surveys for assessing current attitudes towards dishonest behavior.

    Gladwell, Malcolm. "Something borrowed: should a charge of plagiarism ruin your life?" The New Yorker, November 22, 2004, 40-48.
    A particularly difficult case to disentangle, which touched the lives of both the "plagiarist" and the person "plagiarised".

    Gourlay, Lesley and Janis Greig.  "Avoiding plagiarism, developing identities: Responsibility, academic literacies and the curriculum."  2007.  <>  (24 October 2007).
    A study at Napier University which includes much documentation of student uncertainty about what academic referencing, how it is taught and what they understand; suggests that concentration on approaches to reading and writing can be more beneficial than emphasis on the mechanics of citation.  Includes some suggestions (some of which may be "new" in the literature, for more positively promoting academic literacies.

    Graebner, Lynn. "Have you read it before? Take a plagiarism test. (Glatt Plagiarism Services)." The Business Journal serving Greater Sacamento, 6 (28), October 9, 1989. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (29 August 2002).

    Green, Laura. "New computer programs make plagiarism risky.', December 20, 2004. <> (21 December 2004).
    Gives Turnitin statistics which are at odds with other articles.

    Green, Michelle. "'TurnItIn' Snares Online Cheaters." NEA Today18 (7), April 2000, 22. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (24 May 2000).

    Griffiths, Sharon. "Mum, will you write my dissertation?" The Independent, June 24, 2004. <> (24 June 2004).
    Parents have always helped their children with their homework. When is the line crossed, when does help become collaboration become plagiarism?

    Guertin, Laura A. "Using virtual lectures to educate students on plagiarism." First Monday 10 (9), 2005. <> (2 September 2005).
    Well supported by research, suggests that students need to have plagiarism explained several times before they fully understand and appreciate it, and that they need something they can turn and return to. Gives instruction on how to put together a Powerpoint presentation, with or without sound.

    Hafner, Katie. "Lessons in internet plagiarism." New York Times on the Web. <> (19 October 2001).

    Haigh, Jackie and Fiona Meddings. "Using the Turnitin plagiarism detection tool to promote academic integrity."  2007.  <> (24 October 2007).
    A University of Bradford study which looks at how Turnitin is used;  suggests inter alia that many students are confused by Turnitin reports, and need support if it is to be used as a formative tool; also points to inconsisitencies in referencing and assessment.

     “Hall of Shame.”   Faculty of Science, University of Alberta.  n.d. <> (20 October 2006).
    Includes a self-test of academic honesty.

     Hamilton, Karen.  “The plagiarism self assessment.”  n.d. <> (20 October 2006).
    A series of pages, including a self-test; good discussion of the muddy area between deliberate and accidental plagiarism.

    Hansen, Brian. "Combating plagiarism." CQ Researcher, 13 (32), 773-96, September 19, 2003. <> (16 October 2003). 

    Hansen, Suzy. "Dear Plagiarists: you get what you pay for." The New York Times Book Review, August 22, 2004, 11.
    Critiques a selection of pre-written reports and essays; asks if they are worth the price, and if they are worth the price of being found out.

    Harris, Robert. "Anti-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers." VirtualSalt, updated November 17, 2004.  <> (20 October 2006).

    Hart, Mike and Tim Friesner. "'I found it on the web' - some reflections on e-learning, plagiarism and poor academic practice." 2nd European Conference on e-Learning, 6-7 November, 2003. <> (27 October 2003). 

    Harvey, Michael.  "The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing: Evidence."  2002.  <> (20 February 2003).

Henry, Jacquie.  "Internet Research: the good, the bad, and the ugly: a faculty workshop on detecting & preventing high-tech plagiarism as well as evaluating the internet sources your students use."   May 6, 2001.  <>  (11 June 2003).

    Henry, Jacquie.  "Plagiarism Is No Big Deal - Is It?  The Impact of Plagiarism".  February 2, 2003.  <>  (18 February 2003).

    Herzog, Susan. “Guilty in Whose Eyes? University Students' Perceptions of Plagiarism & Cheating.” 2003. <> (14 November 2008).
    PowerPoint presentation. A very thorough review of the literature, from students’ points of view.

    Hickman, John N. "Cybercheats: term-paper shopping on-line: Colleges helpless against Internet-aided plagiarism." The New Republic 218 (12), March 23, 1998, 14 ff. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (24 May 2000).

    Hill, Jacob D.; Page, Elaine Fetyko. "An Empirical Research Study of the Efficacy of Two Plagiarism-Detection Applications" Journal of Web Librarianship 3.3 (2009).  < > (29 Oct. 2009).
    Compares Safe Assignment and Turnitin; Turnitin does better at detecting plagiarism, but there are still gaps, false positives and false negatives.

    Hill, Robin. "Brown Bag Lunch: Turnitin plagiarism detection software."1 Februay 2002.  <> (19 April 2002).

    Hinchliffe, Lisa. "Cut and Paste Plagiarism: Preventing, Detecting and Tracking Online Plagiarism." May 1998.  <> (20 March 2000).

    Hoffer, Peter Charles. "Reflections on plagiarism, part 1: 'A guide for the perplexed.'" Perspectives, February 2004. 
    <> (28 December 2004).

    Hoffer, Peter Charles. "Reflections on plagiarism, part 2: 'The object of trials.'" Perspectives, March 2004. 
    <> (28 December 2004).
    Two very thoughtful articles. Offering some useful insight on the nature of scholarship, Hoffer discusses in the first piece why plagiarism happens, how to avoid it, and how to detect it. In the second piece, Hoffer deals with what you do when you discover plagiarism, whether it's your own work that is being plagiarized or someone else's.

    Holmes, Katherine. "Plagiarism through the Web." nd.  <> (6 June 2000).

    Horton, Rosemary K.  "Copyright and intellectual property."   September 19, 2002. <> (September 19, 2002).

    Horton, Rosemary.  "Copyright and plagiarism."   March2, 2001. <> (26 April 2001).

    Horton, Rosemary K.  "Plagiarism."   November 10, 2003. <> (December 1, 2003).  

    “How to Avoid Academic Misconduct: Read, Write, Pass.” University of Wolverhampton, nd. <> (14 November 2008).
    Very useful booklet, written at student level; advice and examples on plagiarism, collusion, and cheating – and how to avoid them.

    Hricko, Mary. "Internet Plagiarism: Strategies to Deter Academic Misconduct." nd. <> (20 March 2000).

    Hughes, Matthew, with Philip Tubman and Matthew Whale. "Referencing." Bristol University: Faculty of Health and Social Care, July 2006.  <> (17 November 2008).
    An animated guide to referencing, including Why we cite, interactive examples and a self-test.

    Humes, Cynthia, Jason Stiffler and Michael Malsed.  "Examining Anti-Plagiarism Software: Choosing the Right Tool." 2003. <> (4 February 2008).
    Close look at plagiarism detection packages.

    Hunt, Russell.  "Four Reasons to be Happy about Internet Plagiarism."  5 December 2002.  <>  (3 February 2003).

    Hunter , Judy.  "Confessions of an Academic Honesty Lady." Writing at Grinnell.  May 1997. <> (20 October 2006).
    Some thoughts on the talk to freshmen.

    Hunter, Sue. "Plagiarism." 29 June 1999. <> (23 May 2000).

    "ICAC investigates plagiarism claims at Newcastle Uni." ABC Online, 1 November 2004. <> (8 November 2004).
    Suggestions that blind eyes to plagiarism were not the only source of academic dishonesty at Newcastle University; see also Matthew Thompson's report.

    IDS Editorial Board. "Accidental cheaters: Students not the only ones responsible for plagiarism.", October 8, 2003. <> (9 October 2003). 

    Innerst, Carol. "Students are pulling off the big cheat." Insight on the News 14 (9), March 9, 1998, 41. Infotrac General Reference CenterGold.  <> (24 May 2000).

    IPR Education.  "The Teacher's Guide to Intellectual Property Rights Education."  nd. IPREducation.  <> (6 May 2008).
    Sponsored by Microsoft, this site offers lesson outlines and a curriculum for the teaching and understanding of intellectual property rights.  While copyright infringement is not necessarily a breach of copyright, nor plagiarism necessarily a copyright infringement, the many examples given do relate to the student experience, and may make them more aware of the issues: just because it's on the web does NOT necessarily mean that anyone can copy, and that anyone can copy for free. Links to (qv), which offers further views on copyright, intellectual property, and the ethics of copying.

    James, Richard, Craig McInnis and Marcia Devlin. “Minimising Plagiarism : Assessing Student Learning - Five Practical Guides.” AUTC (Australian University Teaching Committee), 2002. <> (14 November 2008).
    Useful guide, set in the context of assessment. Has some excellent charts and continuums, and good discussion points too.

    Jaschik, Scott.  "Buying Its Way Onto the Program?" May 2, 2008.  Inside Higher Ed.  <> (5 May 2008).
    Discussion of's offer to fund speakers at next year's Conference of College Composition and Communication;  the ethics of sponsoring teachers as long as they say nice things about your product are discussed, along with some discussion of the very efficacy of the plagiarism software detection tool.

    Jaschik, Scott.  "False Positives on Plagiarism."  March 13, 2009.  Inside Higher Ed.  <> (22 March 2009).
    Report on Texas Tech University research which suggests that plagiarism detectors find matches which are coincidental, that they mis-assign matches, and that they miss matches too. Comments on the article include the notion that some students who are already confused most notably by definitions of common knowledge, may be completely thrown on getting a positive (or maybe a negative) report; and a comparison between airport security (we are all suspect terrorists, all subject to the same rigorous treatment - and confiscation of innocent goods) and Turnitin as a deterrent tool (we are all suspected plagiarists...) 

    Jaschik, Scott.  "Winning Hearts and Minds in War on Plagiarism."  April 7, 2008.  Inside Higher Ed.  <> (5 May 2008).
    A report on some of the offerings at this year's Conference of College Composition and Communication, including suggestions for raising standards of honesty and integrity.

    Jensen, Bob.  "Bob Jensen's Threads on Plagiarism Detection and Exam Cheating." 2002.  <> (4 January 2003).

    JISC (Joint Information Services Committee). "JISC Plagiarism Advisory Service." 2003. <> (6 January 2004).
    The JISC Plagiarism Advisory Service has evolved into the Plagiarism Advice Organisation (see below)

    JISC Plagiarism Advisory Service Roadmap. DRAFT Version 4 Revision 4. April 2005. <>
    A holistic approach to plagiarism deterrence: advice on the "themes for action" which need to be taken, all together (not one at a time).

    Johnson, Doug, ed.  "Is it plagiarism?  Comments gathered from LM_NET in response to a parent question."  The Technology Jinx.  December 21, 1999. <> (15 August 2001).

    Johnson, Doug. "Plagiarism-proofing assignments."  Phi Delta Kappan 85 (7), March 2004, 549-552.
    Arguing that students engaged in genuine work and excited about it are less likely and perhaps even less able to plagiarize, Johnson offers sixteen qualities of assignments which engage students and has them asking real questions. He also offers a rubric for students to use in judging the quality of the research questions they set themselves to answer.

    Jones, Andy. "What You Can Do about Internet Plagiarism." nd. <> (20 March 2000).

    To the top of the page.

    Kahn, Chris. "Plagiarism scandal tests UVa code.", 19 April 2002.  <> (26 April 2002).

    Kane, Margaret.   "Can tech detect college cheaters?" ZDNet News, April 5, 2002. <>
    (11 October 2002).

    Kelly, Heyboer. "Cut-and-paste, turn it in -- you call that cheating?", August 28, 2003. <> (29 August 2003).

    Kennedy, Robert.  "Cheating: an interview with Gary Niels."  (2000?). <> (31 August 2002).

    Kettle, Martin. "Cheating students caught up in web of deceit." TheGuardian, May 10, 2001, p.13.

    Kirtz, Bill. "Your thoughts exactly: credit where no credit s due." Talk of the Gown, NU Magazine,March 1998. <> (13 January 2004). 
    Kirtz argues that there may be fewer original thoughts than we think, but not a lot of attribution, other than in academia; the situation is even murkier when we consider literary allusion and common knowledge...

    Kleiner, Carolyn and Mary Lord. "The cheating game: 'Everyone's doing it,' from grade school to graduate school."  U.S. News and World Report 127 (20), November 22, 1999, 55. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold. <> (24 May 2000).

    Kleiner, Carolyn, Mary Lord and Lindsay Faber.  "The great term-paper buying caper: how they do it." U.S. News and World Report 127 (20), November 22, 1999, 63.  Global NewsBank. <> (6 April 2000).

    Koehler, Steve. "College Cheaters getting craftier.", October 31, 2003. <> (3 November 2003). 

    Koehn, Donald R. "Plagiarism is cited as enemy of education." The Argus (Illinois Wesleyan University), 83 (11) December 3, 1976, 4.  <http://europa.iwu.eduargus/pdf/19761203vo83i11.pdf> (20 December 2004).
    The article may be thirty years old, but either the arguments have come full-circle - or they have never changed... (example: "Many students do not understand [plagiarism's] unethical character. Indeed, many students don't know what plagiarism is.")

    Koplowitz, H. B. "Homework Online." Link-Up 15 (6), November/December 1998, 6. Global NewsBank. <> (6 April 2000).

    Kumar, Anita. "High-tech sleuthing catches college cheats: at one university, almost 700 student papers checked against a database were found to be 75 to 100 percent plagiarized." St. Petersburg Times, August 31, 2003. <> (2 September 2003).  

    Kumar, Anita. "Plagiarism Policies: Plagiarism: Pedagogical Issues." (bibliography) <> (27 October 2003).  

    Lansing, Lindsay. “Plagiarism hits home.” BYU NewsNet, 10 May 2006.  <> (12 May 2006).
    Student's experience of having her work plagiarized by a friend.  Particularly interesting for two notions: one, that education may be the one consumer product where the buyer wants less than s/he's entitled to; and two, the concluding paragraph: "I learned a lot from this experience. I learned how valuable the virtue of honor really is. It is one of the only things that no one can take away from you. And if you give it up, and compromise your integrity, I really don't know what else you have to stand for."

    Large, Sacha. "Notes from the JISC workshop on electronic detection of plagiarism held on the 16 July 2001."  2001. <> 25 April 2002.

    Larkham, Peter J.  "Exploring and dealing with plagiarism: traditional approaches." 2002.  <>  (16 February 2003).

    Lathrop, Ann & Foss, Kathleen. Guiding students from cheating and plagiarism to honesty and integrity: strategies for change.  Westport CT : Libraries Unlimited, Inc., 2005.
    A follow-up to their earlier collection: lots of ideas for preventive action, most especially the promotion of honesty and integrity.  A convincing read.

    Lathrop, Ann & Foss, Kathleen. Student cheating and plagiarism in the internet era: a wake-up call.  Englewood CO: Libraries Unlimited, Inc., 2000.

    Lawson, Amy. "Kids learn it's wrong to copy off net.", November 21, 2004. <> (22 November 2004).
    Plagiarism in Australia, and the realisation that acknowledgement has to begin at elementary school level.

    Leland, Bruce. "Plagiarism and the Web." 22 February 2000. <> (20 March 2000).

    LePere, Renee. "Plagiarism's new vehicle -- the internet.", December 15, 2002.  <> (free registration required) (3 June 2003).

    Lethem, Jonathan. "The ecstasy of influence: a plagiarism." Harper's Magazine February 2007. <> (18 February 2010).
    Lethem argues that, in literature, there is little that is original, much is based on earlier works, and proud of it. The essay itself is largely plagiarised - except for the notes at the end in which he cites his sources.

    Levin, Peter. "Beat the witch-hunt! Peter Levin's guide to avoiding and rebutting accusations of plagiarism, for conscientious students, incorporating a brief guide to referencing styles.", November 2003. <> (6 November 2003).  

    Levinson, Arlene. "Paper chase." Portland Press Herald 140 (65), September 3, 2001, 2A.

    Lightfoot, Liz. "How plagiarism on the internet has become part of the campus culture." News.Telegraph, July 1, 2004. 
    <> (2 August 2004).
    Results of a survey on cheating in UK colleges and universities. Some useful (and frightening) statistics.

    Lingua Franca. "Catching plagiarists." 20 July 2002. (transcript of a Radio National interview between Agnes Cusack and John Barrie, creator of  <> (15 January 2003).

    Lovelock, Robyne. (2007). “Choosing to cheat or just adopting current culture?” IBAP Teachers Convention 2007. <> (1 May 2009).
    Lovelock, represents iParadigms, developers of Turnitin, in a promotional presentation. 

    Ludwig, Melissa.  "UTSA case points to copy-and-paste ease of plagiarism." San Antonio Express-News / Houston Chronicle, March 30, 2008.  <> (4 April 2008).
    A University honor code (or the draft thereof) is discovered to have much in common with the honor code of another university, but fails to give attribution.  Dishonorable behavior?  See also the response by Daniel Wueste (director of the Robert J. Rutland Institute for Ethics at Clemson University, of which the Center for Academic Integrity is now part) which asks whether we are taking plagiarism witch hunts too far.

    MacDonell, Colleen. "The problem of plagiarism: students who copy may not know they've committed an offense."  School Library Journal, 51 (1), January 2005, 35.
    Description of a lesson for grades 11 and 12 which tests - and deepens - their understanding of plagiarism.

    MacLeod, Donald. "Universities urged to root out student cheats.", February 10, 2005. <,12734,1410054,00.html> (11 February 2005).
    Discusses the appointment of specialized plagiarism officers in some universities; their task is to determine whether plagiarism has taken place, and if so what punishment or other measure is suitable. In passing, notes lower rates of plagiarism in Australia than shown in many other studies.

Macmillan, Douglas.  "Looking over Turnitin's shoulder: a "tech tool for detecting plagiarism has received some low marks from users concerned about privacy and the service's accuracy." Business Week News Analysis March 13, 2007.  <> 13 March 2007.
The subtitle sums up the article.

Madden, Marianne.   "Plagiarism a persistent problem: causing concern from kindergarten to college." The UCSD Guardian Online, May 1, 2003.  <>  (14 May 2003).

    Manley, Will. "The misfortune of fame." Booklist, 98 (20), June 1 & 15, 2002, 1648.

    Marshall, Eliot. "Medline searches turn up cases of suspected plagiarism." Science279 (5350), January 23, 1998, 473-474.

    Martin, Brian.  "Plagiarism: a misplaced emphasis."  (first published in Journal of Information Ethics, Vol. 3, No. 2, Fall , 1994, pp. 36-47, with minor editorial changes.)  <> (11 October 2002).

    Martin, Brian.  "Plagiarism by university students: the problem and some proposals."  (first published in Tertangala (University of Wollongong Students' Representative Council), 20 July - 3 August 1992, p. 20.  <>
    (11 October 2002).

    Masur, Kate. "Papers, profits, and pedagogy: plagiarism in the age of the internet." Perspectives Online, May 2001. <> (1 June 2002).

    McCabe, Donald L. and Gary Pavela.  "Ten (updated) principles of academic integrity: how faculty can foster student honesty."  Change 36 (3), May-June 2004. Wilson Web <> (13 March 2007).
    Ways in which faculty can support (or work against) inculcating a culture of honesty.

    McCallum, Conrad.  "Plagiarism shocker: Blame your brain." The Toronto September 18, 2007.  <> (19 September 2007).
    Suggestions that maybe the mind does subconsciously play tricks, help you forget where you really heard/ read it first.

    McGregor, Joy H. "Do Scribes Learn? Copying and Information Use." School Library Media Quarterly Online 1 (1),  June 1998. <> (23 March 2001).

    McKenzie, Jamie. "Launching Student Investigations." From Now On, October 1997. <> (30 August 1998).

    McKenzie, Jamie. "The New Plagiarism: seven antidotes to prevent highway
    robbery in an electronic age." From Now On, May 1998. <> (5 June 2000).

    McNamara, Gwen. "New Web service helps curb high school plagiarism: Teachers in West Windsor-Plainsboro district use online tool to fight back against cheating." The Princeton Packet : Packetonline, November 21, 2003. <> (1 December 2003). 
    Good reviews for

    Menand, Louis. "The end matter: the nightmare of citation." The New Yorker, LXXIX (32), October 6, 2003, 120-126.  
    This article is not about plagiarism, but it does provide a wry look at the difficulties of accurate citation, per the Style Guides. Note is made that the 15th edition of "The Chicago Manual of Style" runs to 956 pages...

    Meyer, Jon'a F. "Some information on plagiarism and a guide to avoid it." December 2, 2001. <> (8 September 2003). 

    Midolo, Jill and Sue Scott.  Teach Them to Copy and Paste : a presentation for the Island Journeys conference, 2003.  < copyright/islandjourneys/index.htm> (29 April 2009).
    A multi-part presentation which presents positive reasons for good practice (as against negative plagiarism avoidance reasons).

    Minkel, Walter. "Sniffing out the cheaters: one school librarian's search for the best way to detect plagiarism." School Library Journal, 48 (6), June 2002, 25.

    Minkel, Walter. "Web of deceit: librarians must play a leading role in combating plagiarism; here's how." School Library Journal, 48 (4), April 2002, 50-53.

    Minkus, Kim. "Essay architecture library guide." Simon Fraser University Library. September 2, 2004. 
    <> (11 September 2004).
    A guide to research and to essay writing, with an emphasis on structure; good notes on how to structure the bibliography and on how to cite right.

    Mirsky. Steve.   "Copy that: technology is making it harder for word thieves to earn outrageous fortunes."  Scientific American, 286 (4), April 2002, 98.

    Monare, Moshoeshoe and Laura Clark. "Universities clamp down on web copy-cats." The Sunday Independent (South Africa), June 27, 2004. <> (2 August 2004).
    Discusses a new prevention tool, PowerResearcher.

    Moore, Vincent.  "Playing Dirty in the War on Plagiarism." The Chronicle of Higher Education: CareerNetwork, August 15, 2002.  <>  (11 October 2002).

    Mybytes.  nd.  Mybytes. <> 6 May 2008.
    Sponsored by Microsoft and part of the IPR Education program (qv), this site provides an opportunity for teens (especially) legally to share their musical creations, while educating them about intellectual property ownership and rights.

    Nee, Seah Chiang. "The large university untruth." The Speck: Trend: Education. May 29, 2001. <> (30 April 2002).

    Newbart, Dave. "Cheating soars, but it's all right." Chicago Sun-Times, July 25, 2004. <> 2 August 2004.
    Looks at growth of numbers cheating, and at some of the excuses.

    Newbart, Dave. "Student scolded over plagiarism accusation." Chicago Sun-Times, February 19, 2006. <> (20 February 2006).
    A student accuses an official at her university of plagiarism in her doctoral thesis;  the evidence appears to be against the official (Turnitin found 45%  matches with previously published works), but it is the student who is being punished..

    Norberg, Bob. "The final word." The Santa Rosa Press Democrat, April 15, 2002.  <> (30 April 2002).

    "A Note on Plagiarism from the English Department." nd.  <> (12 June 2000).

    O'Hara, Mark, Caron Carter, and Gillian Manasse.  "Getting it write: a multidisciplinary approach to student academic support."  2007.  <> (24 October 2007).
    This Sheffield Hallam University study included  a look at students' reading and how they used these readings in producing academic work, and at how they used Turnitin reports in later drafts.  The report suggests that lack of considstency (in referencing and requirements) can be confusing; that examples are useful learning tools; and that Turnitin can be an effective formative tool.

    Oleck, Joan.  "Judge Rules That Turnitin Does Not Violate Students' Copyrights."  School Library Journal 31 March 2008.  <> (2 April 2008).
    An attempt to sue for infringing students' rights in their own work fails in a court in Virginia.

    Olsen, Victoria.  "Jane Eyre, to go.", November 13, 1998.  <>
    (11 October 2002).

    Overington, Matthew. "Mediaphor Plagiarism- Finder 1.0.9." APC Mag November 18, 2004. <> (22 November 2004).
    Short review of a new plagiarism detection tool; the matches it seeks appear to be 'net only, though it does check a variety of file formats.

    "Paper chase."  The Santa Rosa Press Democrat, April 16, 2002.  <> (30 April 2002).

    Parker, Kelly. "Pressured to pass: cheating and plagiarism are serious concerns for university students, faculty and administrators." The Orion Online, September 29, 2004. <> (30 September 2004).
    Investigates some of the reasons why some students plagiarize.

    "Paste at your peril!" HERO, 2004. <> (7 January 2005).
    Discusses some of the problems raised by the University of Kent case.

    Pattison, Mark.  "Some students cheat with old methods and new 'techy' tools." Catholic Online, April 24, 2006.  <> (26 April 2006).
    Discusses increase in plagiarism and other cheating; discusses methods of making cheating more difficult and more of a stigma.  Disturbingly (to my mind), includes an example of entrapment, providing a means and an opportunity for cheating and then punishing those who tried to take advantage.

    Patty, Anna.  "Phone a friend in exams." The Age, August 20, 2008.  <> (21 August 2008).
    Experiment in an Australian school to eliminate cheating in exams by legalizing the obtaining of outside help: it's not a case of what you can remember, but a test of whether you know enough to call on the right resources to answer the question.

    Pearson, Gretchen. "Electronic Plagiarism Seminar." 6 April 2000. <> (16 June 2000).

    Pennycook, Alastair. "Borrowing Others' Words: Text, Ownership, Memory, and Plagiarism." TESOL Quarterly, 30 (2), Summer 1996, 201-230.

    Perlstein, Linda. "Educators, Cheating Students Rely on Web: More Schools Use Plagiarism-Tracking Software.", November 27, 2003. <> (1 December 2003).
    Possibly less accepting of than many reports, shows awareness of some possible shortcomings.  

    Phillips, Jim.  "Ethics expert discusses plagiarism, dishonesty on college campuses." The Athens News (Athens Ohio), May 29, 2007.  <> (30 May 2007).
    Suggests an approach which brings "students, instructors and administrators together in support of shared values" may be a more effective way of promoting integrity and ethical behavior, than more swingeing punishment;  there is also emphasis on faculty making explicit their expectations, and suggests way of making search for the "right answer" less necessary.

    "Plagiarise. Let no one else's work evade your eyes: cheat-detection software." The Economist, 362 (8264), 16 March 2002, 82.

    "Plagiarism Software Evaluation for ELEUM." 2004.  ELEUM : Electronic Learning Environment at the University of Maastricht. <>  10 October 2007.
    Tests on a number of plagiarism detection systems carried out in 2003, with a link to a comparison of Turnitin and Safe Assignment performed in May 2004.

    "Plagiarism in the internet age." Staff Workshop: Plagiarism in the internet age.  23 April, 2001.  <> (24 May 2001).

    "Plagiarism - Plagiarism: Prevention, Detection, Analysis." K-Praxis, June, 2004. <> (10 January 2005).
    Series of articles on plagiarism, including an overview of the problem, plagiarism in higher education, and detection and prevention methods.

    NEW!  "Plagiarism Reference Tariff." Amber Project,, 2010. <>
    Presents a scale for assessing the possible consequences for detected plagiarism, based on amount of plagiarism, offender's previous record, offender's experience/ seniority, perceived intent, and other factors. This leads to a more fair and transparent process:  first-year offenders with one or two short unattributed but copied passages would be treated more leniently than a third-year student who has borrowed heavily, or is found to have bought a custom essay etc. The full report which details how the weightings for the scale were determined is also available <>

    "Plagiarism - University of Leeds guide." University of Leeds, nd. <> (24 December 2007).
    Multi-page guide, for students and for teachers, into definitions, avoidance, examples, a quiz, etc.  Includes a survey of students, which pinpoints some of the differences in perception between students from various backgrounds.

    "Plagiarism: what it is and how to avoid it." nd.   <> (30 May 2000).

    Plagiarism Advice. <>
    This organisation has evolved out of the JISC Plagiarism Advisory Service. It offers much of use, including resources, publications, research, conferences, workshops and other training, and more. It is a major portal for plagiarism work in the UK, and worldwide. the Instructor's Guide to Internet Plagiarism. "Plagiarizeddotcom: Dead Giveaways." nd. <> (6 June 2000). <> (6 January 2005)
    A site which, inter alia, shows cheaters how to cheat better and avoid getting caught. Lots of links to detection methods (the better to avoid detection) as well as to cheat sites. Includes lists of "reliable" cheat sites and cheat sites to avoid.

    "  : Cross-Disciplinary Studies in Plagiarism, Fabrication, and Falsification." Plagiary: a new scholarly journal.
    A new (2006) refereed online scholarly journal dealing with issues of plagiarism and academic honesty. Includes a page of news stories. <> 18 June 2007.

    NEW!  Plagiat : Softwaretest 2010. Results of the Plagiarism Detection System Test 2010. <> (7 January 2010).
    Prof. Dr. Deborah Weber-Wulff's fourth test, investigating 26 of 47 available plagiarism software detection systems, shows no system rates better than partially useful. PlagAware was rated best system, Turnitin came second. Some systems may be fronts for cheat-essay sites. Caution is advised.

    Posner, Richard A.   "The truth about plagiarism: it's usually a minor offense and can have social value."  Newsday (New York), May 18, 2003.  <>  (21 May 2003).

    Proctor, Margaret. "How Not to Plagiarize." 10 January 2000. <> (12 June 2000).

    To the top of the page.

    Reagan, Brad. "Copy Cop: 'Accidental Entrepreneur' Helps Schools Tackle Plagiarism."  The Wall Street Journal Classroom Edition.  December 2002.  <> (15 January 2003).

    Reisman, Sorel. a review by CSU campuses. July 2002. <>  (31 May 2004).
    Many reviewers on various of the California State University campuses rated Turnitin highly, but many more had their doubts.

    Renard, Lisa. "Cut and Paste 101: Plagiarism and the net." EducationalLeadership, December 1999/ January 2000, 38-42.

    "Resources for Your Institution  : How to Get Started."  Center for Academic Integrity. <> (20 October 2006).
    Extremely useful page of articles, papers, worksheets and discussion documents to help schools working towards promption of academic integrity and honor.

    Rimer, Sara. "A Campus Fad That's Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism." New York Times, September 3, 2003. <> (27 October 2003). 

    Roberts, Caroline, and Sarah Jenkins. "Plagiarism." Times Educational Supplement, TES Friday, 26 November 2004, 11-14. 
    Discusses a number of plagiarism issues within UK, including possible cultural issues. Also discusses the problem of students who claim that the way they have always worked (been allowed to work) is suddenly suspect.

    Robins, Si. "Cheaters never prosper." 30 November 2006.  ASU Web Devil.  <>  3 December 2006.
    Cheating may be on the increase, but so are feelings of honor and integrity.  Includes a snall survey on cheating and on perceptions of cheating.

    Rockstroh, Nancy. "Plagiarism On The Internet." nd.  <> (20 March 2000).

    Rodgers, John. "Plagiary and the art of skillful citation: lecture notes."11 September 1999. <> (23 May 2000).

    Rodgers, John. "Plagiarism and other Scholastic No-No's: Lecture Notes."28 March 1996. <> (5 June 2000).

    Rodgers, John. "How to Cite Skillfully and Avoid Plagiarizing." 4 August1997. <> (11 June 2000).

    Ross, Michael E. "Policing academic plagiarism: some educators turn to company that vets term papers online." November 25, 2005. <> (5 December 2005).
    A mix of old claims and statistics, and new claims and statistics, all bearing (or perhaps not) critical examination.  .  Those with a more cynical mind than mine might just want to investigate the math, perhaps comparing it with past claims.  And the spin!  I do like John Barrie's claim, "We represent a lot of the world's students."

    Rossman, Jake. "Lack of citations could be trouble Students who cite carelessly might face plagiarism penalties.", October 7, 2003. <> (7 October 2003). 

    Roth, Lorie. "Educating the Cut-and-Paste Generation." Library Journal, November 1, 1999, 42-44.

    Royce, John.   "Quis custodiet...  investigating the investigators."  School Librarian, 49 (4), Spring 2001, 181-183.

    Royce, John. "Plagiarism: Wheat and chaff." Access, 2003, 17 (3), pp. 15-18. 

    Royce, John.   "Trust or trussed?  Has got it all wrapped up?"  Teacher Librarian, 30 (4), April 2003, 26-30.  Also available online at <>.

    Ryan, Julie J.C.H. "Student Plagiarism in an Online World." December 1998. <> (30 May 2000).

    Sacchet, Kerri. "Use of Online Papers Up Though Their Quality Is Low,Profs Say." Student Advantage: The Daily Grind, 6 December 1999. <,1075,c8-i0-t0-a18399,00.html> (23 June 2000).

    Satterwhite, Robin and Leroy Smith. "The cyber-plagiarism predicament: a new facet to an old problem."  (Alaska Presentation) 2002. <> (31 August 2002).

    Satterwhite, Robin and Leroy Smith. "The cyber-plagiarism predicament: a new facet to an old problem."  (Bibliography for the Alaska Presentation) 2002. <> (31 August 2002).

    Satterwhite, Robin and Marla Gerein. "Downloading detectives: searching for on-line plagiarism." (Paper) 2001(?). <> (11 June 2002).

    Satterwhite, Robin and Marla Gerein. "Downloading detectives: searching for on-line plagiarism." (ACRL / Ark Valley Presentation) 3 April 2001. <> (19 October 2001).

    Satterwhite, Robin and Marla Gerein. "Plagiarism detectives." (Bibliography for the Ark Valley Presentation) 3 April 2001. <> (19 October 2001).

    Note: there may be some confusion in the various Satterwhite documents, with new pages being given old page names - typically webplag2 - and existing URLs updated with new information.  At the latest update, all these pages and more are available as shown here, but the internal links in the pages do not always lead to the expected pages.  A shame; these presentations and bibliographies are valuable additions to the literature.

    Schaffer Library. "Dealing with plagiarism: resources for faculty." September 3, 2001. <> (19 October 2001).

    Schmidt, Sarah and Richard Watts. "Computers to check for essay cheats." OPUS, October 1, 2003. <> (27 October 2003). 

    Schneider, Alison. "Why Professors Don't Do More to Stop Students Who Cheat." The Chronicle: Colloquy: Background, 22 January 1999. <> (12 June 2000).

    Schulte, Brigid. "Cheatin', writin' & 'rithmetic: how to succeed in school without really trying."  Washington Post, September 23, 2002. <>  (3 June 2003).

    Schweitzer, Sarah. "School cheating scandal divides N.H. town : Criminal charges too harsh, some say."  The Boston Globe September 19, 2007.  <> (19 September 2007).
    Not plagiarism, but cheating in general - compounded because the cheats broke in to school to get a heads-up on the exams they were about to face.

    Senechal, Greggory. "Dead Giveaways: What to watch for when you suspectan essay isn't from the student's own head." nd. <> (8 March 2000).

    Senechal, Greggory. "Plagiarizeddotcom: FAQ." nd.  <> (7 June 2000).

    Sharka, Jane. "Plagiarism Stoppers: A Teacher's Guide." February 22, 2003. <> (24 October 2003). 

    Shaw, Michael. "Net cheating rises: survey shows 37 percent of students have plagiarized." December 2, 2005. Knight Ridder News Service. <> (5 December 2005).
    Includes an interesting twist: a student suing a paper mill for breach of copyright; the paper mill has somehow obtained one of her undergraduate papers without her permission and is selling it without her approval.

    Sheikh, Fawzia. "Student group questions ethics of anti-plagiarism site." IT, January 15, 2004. <> (16 January 2004). 
    McGill University has backed down after a student claimed that submission of his work to would violate his rights to his own intellectual property.

    Sherriff, Lucy. "Web-cheat student to sue university." The Register, May 28, 2004. <> (31 May 2004).
    The University of Kent student who threatened to sue his unversity for not advisng him earlier that plagiarism is wrong. 

    Singer, Meg Atwater. "Using the internet to succeed." 28 October 1999. <> (22 December 2000).

    Skibinski, Matt.  "Careless citation could lead to serious consequences."  The Tufts Daily March 13, 2007.  <>  14 March 2007.
    Some of the problems in using Turnitin - it isn't as straightforward as they might have you believe...

    Slater, Colin. "With a little help from their friends... parents... teachers..."  Times Educational Supplement, On Target supplement, February 3, 2006, 2-3.
    Discusses coursework and collusion issues, what might be acceptable help and what is clearly unacceptable.

    Smarty, Ann.  "Top Online Plagiarism Checkers - Protect Your Content."  Search Engine Journal, October 27, 2008.  <> (31 October 2008).
    Compares five free plagiarism checkers; readers' comments on this article include links to several more.  Some rate highly, although there may still be lots of work to do once the results come back.

    Smith, Donny. "Turnitin tutorial: Indiana State University : Cunningham Memorial Library." April 1, 2005. <> (5 April 2005).
    Very short introduction; includes notes on what Turnitin does NOT do, as well as on what it can be used for.  

    Smith, Jeffrey. " : Free Online Plagiarism Detection System." 2008. <> (29 September 2008)
    Does this site belong with the plagiarism detection services listed below?  Perhaps.  But the aim of the site may not be to detect plagiarism, but to make sure that plagiarism is not detected.  What else to make of Jeffrey's forum question "where is the best Custom writing company" or his tip on avoiding detection (change one letter...)?  

    Snodgrass, Grace. "Internet popular tool for cheaters." The Diamondback, September 11, 2003. <> (12 September 2003).

    Snow, Eleanour. "Plagiarism Tutorial : the Fraud of Plagiarism." 2005. Center for 21st Century Teaching Excellence. <> 7 November 2008.
    Interactive tutorial with excellent examples, inter alia, of paraphrasing (and citing) an original source.

    Sokoloff, Heather. "One in Three Students Admits to Plagiarizing." National Post (Canada), 30 August 2003. <> (2 September 2003).

    Sowden, Colin.  "Plagiarism and the culture of multilingual students in higher education abroad." ELT Journal 59 (3), July 2005, 226-233.
    Looks especially at cultural issues, discussing how to teach "western" attitudes towards intellectual property while respecting "eastern" values regarding respect for authority.  Sowden also offers support and strategies for achieving this.

    Standler, Ronald B. "Plagiarism in Colleges in USA." 16 February 2000. <> (12 June 2000).

    Stebelman, Scott. "Cybercheating: dishonesty goes digital." American Libraries 29 (8), September 1998, 48ff. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold.  <> (24 May 2000).

    NEW! Stevenson, Dave. "How schools beat the net cheats." PCPro 16 February 2010. <> (20 February 2010).
    Turnitin is proving useful in British schools and colleges, but is recognised as "not a silver bullet"; at the same time, there is increase in custom-written essays (which may evade Turnitin). Included is the cautionary tale of a foreign student who, when asked if an essay was his, happily admitted it wasn't. When given a viva voce, however, he was able to show that he had learned and understood the material - his problem was that he did not understand the rules of academic papers.

    NEW! Stevenson, Dave. "The price of cheating." PCPro 16 February 2010. <> (20 February 2010).
    A look at paper mills suggests that custom written papers may still contain much plagiarism, despite claims and guarantees that their papers are plagiarism-free; should plagiarism be found, they guarantee to help the complainant sue the writer of the paper.

    Stoerger, Sharon.  "Plagiarism (: a comprehensive webliography about plagiarism available online)."  30 September 2002. <> (11 October 2002).

    Stuard, Susan Mosher and William J. Cronon. "How to detect and demonstrate plagiarism." nd. <> (29 December 2004).
    The emphasis here is on demonstrating plagiarism, with a number of examples of paraphrasing showing good and poor citation. One of many excellent pages and articles on plagiarism to be found on the American Historical Association website.

    Student Judicial Affairs. "Avoiding Plagiarism: Mastering the art of scholarship." December 1999. <> (12 June 2000).

    Sullivan, Danny. "Invisible web gets deeper." 2 August 2000. <> (3 August 2000).

    Suryaraman, Maya and Becky Bartindale. "School takes action, but pressure to excel remains." Mercury News, May 30, 2004. <> (31 May 2004).
    Widespread cheating at a major US high school.

    Sutherland, John. "Copycat catchers." GuardianUnlimited /  May 10, 2007.  <,,2075828,00.html> (10 May 2007).
    Is TurnItIn another symptom of a surveillant society on the verge of becoming a police state?  Are software detection systems damaging for student-teacher relationships?

    Sutherland, John. "Turnitin: does it work?" GuardianUnlimited /  May 10, 2007.  <,,2075832,00.html> (10 May 2007).
    Suggests that TurnItIn may be easily beaten.

    Sutherland, John. "US students log on to the Internet for a cheat's charter." Guardian Weekly 162 (26), June 22-28, 2000, 21.

    Sutherland-Smith, Wendy. "Hiding in the shadows: risks and dilemmas of plagiarism in student academic writing." 2003 (?) 
    <> (12 December 2004).
    Discusses inconsistencies, of definition (and especially disagreement as to whether "unintentional" plagiarism can be defined, or should be treated differently to intentional plagiarism); also inconsistencies in approach when plagiarism is suspected, and also when it is proved, at least to the teacher's satisfaction. Major ethical issues are discussed.

    "Test your integrity I.Q." University of Manitoba - Student Advocacy.  n.d. <> (20 October 2006).
    A self-test.

    Thompson, Matthew. "Essays for uni cheats for sale on the web." The Sydney Morning Herald, June 26, 2004. 
    <> (2 August 2004). 
    "Ethical" paper mills defend themselves. (jrr comment: certain similarities to arguments presented by the National Rifle Association.)

    Thompson, Matthew. "Plagiarism report labelled a whitewash." The Sydney Morning Herald, October 29, 2004. 
    <> (8 November 2004).
    Suggestions that the report on last year's allegations of a cover-up at the University of Newcastle set out to prove nothing, and succeeded.

    Trotter, Andrew. "Educators turn to anti-plagiarism web programs to detect cheating." Education Week on the Web, December 13, 2000. <> (4 January 2001).

    Trotter, Andrew. "Ethics - gotcha! the web ensnares plagiarists." Teacher Magazine 12 (5), February 2001.  Global NewsBank. <> (19 April 2002).

    Tuell, Sarah. "Plagiarism cases drop by half." The UW Daily Online, May 4, 2004. 
    > (10 January 2005).
    Discusses positive approaches to preventing plagiarism. Notable for a quotation from the student handbook which states that to avoid plagiarism "you must show clearly where your own thinking ends and someone else's begins."  Note later UW Daily articles, including "No cheaters expelled from UW last year," by Brian Turner (August 4, 2004), and "Plagiarism on the rise, study finds," by Mina Barahimi (December 6, 2004).  These articles are best reached  using the archives search page at <>. 

    " - placebo for plagiarism or worse? posted by Cliff." Slashdot:news for nerds, stuff that matters, 4 March 2002. <> (19 April 2002).

    "U of Saskatchewan chooses not to use Internet plagiarism service.", September 12, 2003. <> (15 September 2003).

    "UK adopts program to detect e-plagiarism." The Guardian, January 9, 2003. <,3858,4579892,00.html> (17 January 2003).

    "Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism: A Self-Directed Tutorial." SFU Library Plagiarism
    <> (11 January 2005).

    University of Toronto Engineering Writing Centre. "Documentation: The Problem of Plagiarism." 12 June 2000.  <> (12 June 2000).

    "University students plagiarized parts of honor code."  USA Today / Associated Press, March 31, 2008. <> (4 April 2008).
    A University honor code (or the draft thereof) is discovered to have much in common with the honor code of another university, but fails to give attribution.  Dishonorable behavior?  See also the response by Daniel Wueste (director of the Robert J. Rutland Institute for Ethics at Clemson University, of which the Center for Academic Integrity is now part) which asks whether we are taking plagiarism witch hunts too far.

    VAIL. "Virtual Academic Integrity Laboratory: a resource for academic integrity in the 21st century." 2004. University of Maryland University College. <> (26 October 2007).
    Available in flash and in HTML-only versions, a very rich resource with information, guides and tutorials, on avoiding plagiarism, detecting plagiarism, other forms of cheating, copyright issues, and much more.

    Valentine, James. "A plague upon these misguided allegations of literary cribbing."  Sydney Morning Herald, February 5, 2005. <> (7 February 2005).
    Argues that much creative work is based on imitation and quotation and retelling and tribute, and the hysteric urge to find plagiarism may stifle creative endeavor.  A well-argued essay, spoilt by his claim that his description of David Frost is plagiarized: it isn't, because he uses quotation marks and he attributes the originator of the observation!

    Valenza, Joyce. "Is it plagiarism? a discussion." nd. <> (19 April 2002).

    Valenza, Joyce. "Plagiarism vs. documentation." nd. <> (19 April 2002).

    Vross, Mat.  "Deans crack down on students to eliminate unfair advantage."  The Exponent Online, April 25, 2006.  <>  (26 April 2006).
    Deals with cheating in exams (rather than with plagiarism pure).

    Wainscott,Vicki and Patricia J. Wyatt.  "Avoiding Plagiarism." B.D.Owens Library, Northwest Missouri State University. April 6, 2007.  <>  (11 June 2007).
    List and links to useful sites.

    Ware, Justin. "Cheat wave: busting online plagiarism." Y-Life - America's100 Most Wired Colleges.  (1999?) <> (22 October 2001).

    Warner, Coleman. "De La Salle confronts cheating by students: in a survey, students admit it's widespread." August 16, 2005. The Times-Picayune. <> (18 August 2005). NEW!
    Results of a survey which shows attitudes towards cheating as well as prevalence; discusses the handling of  ethical problems in a religious school.

    Webber, Mitch.  "Pressure to get into Harvard contributed to plagiarism case."  May 2, 2006.  Rochester Rochester Democrat and Chronicle.  <>  3 May 2006.
    I haven't recorded any of the Kaavya Viswanathan stories until now; this essay takes a less sensational view than most news reports.  It looks at some of the pressures on students aiming to gain admission to top US universities.

    Weber-Wulff, Debora. "Copy, Shake, and Paste: Test of Plagiarism Detection Software."  27 September 2007. Copy, Shake, and Paste : A blog about plagiarism from a German professor, written in English.  < October 2007.
    This blog entry is a summary of a test of various plagiarism detection systems.  No details are given (in this entry) as to methodology - but Ephorus does best, and some of the better known (at least to me) systems come much lower.

    "Webmasters Against Copy Cats Online (WACCO)." <> (7 June 2002).

    Westacott, Emrys. “The Future of Plagiarism.” The Chronicle of Higher Education : Chronicle Careers. May 13, 2008. <> 14 May 2008.
    "They don't put half the effort into plagiarism as we had to."  A look at plagiarism and attitudes in 2030.  And if we go on letting them get away with it, they'll go on getting away with it.

    White, Gary. "Internet makes plagiarism easier to do, easier to detect." The Ledger, November 21, 2004. 
    <> (22 November 2004).
    Sometimes it may be difficult to avoid plagiarism...?

    "Why You Can’t Trust MyDropBox."  (2004?) <> 10 October 2007.
    Anonymous (?) posting which alleges links between MyDropBox / Safe Assignment and a cheat site company.

    Wightwick, Abbie.  "Students 'learn to plagiarise in primary school'."  Western Mail, May 12 2007.  icWales.  <> (14 May 2007).
    Several articles of late have been saying, you cannot start early enough.

    Wilce, Hilary.  "The worldwide crib." Times Educational Supplement, February 3, 2006, 18.
    Discusses the pros and cons of coursework, and the ease with which assistance becomes unacceptable (and deliberate) collusion. Includes a guideline for parents as to what kind of assistance is acceptable.

    Willen, Matthew S. "Reflections on the Cultural Climate of Plagiarism." Liberal Education, Fall 2004. <> (7 February 2005). 
    Discusses reasons for plagiarism, notably the pressures which make the end (achievement and educational success) justify any means.  Willen also discusses changes in ethos and attitudes towards learning which might make help turn the tide.

    Williams, Amy and Edward Davidian. "A cure for plagiarism: with the aid of cybertechnology higher education closes in on the term-paper-chase!" The Bulldog News, August 11, 2001.  <> (30 April 2002).

    Williams, Beverly N. "Officials: Students rarely plagiarize: Local kids don't often pass off old research papers as their own, but many often fail to give the proper credit for information." (Hampton Roads, VA), April 22, 2005. <,0,6695960.story?coll=dp-news-local-final> (25 April 2005).
    Quote Failure to cite sources is often what gets students in trouble on research papers Endquote. So is this plagiarism or not (JRR)? The story does suggest that relatively few deliberately set out to plagiarize, relatively few buy papers...

    Williams, David. "A new leaf for the new year?", January 8, 2005. <,12734,1385639,00.html> (10 January 2005).
    Deals with the consequences of being found out.

    Williams, Jeremy B. "The plagiarism problem: are students entirely to blame?" 2002.
    <> (20 October 2006).
    Discusses plagiarism detection, but decides that prevention is the better course: calls for authentic assignments and authentic assessment.

    Williams, Kate and Jude Carroll. Referencing & understanding plagiarism. (Pocket Study Skills) Basingstoke UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
    A neat pocket guide to the WHYs and HOWs of referencing; this guide addresses in particular on HOW one uses other people's work, whether as quotation, summary, or paraphrase. Understanding that makes referencing less of a chore and much more something to be done out of choice, the right thing to do.

    Williams, Sharon. "Avoiding plagiarism." 26 June 1996. <> (23 May 2000).
    Williams, Sharon. "Avoiding plagiarism." 26 June 1996. <> (11 June 2007).
    The original is no longer available at the Hamilton University site. This version is available, complete with the typo in the title bar.

    Winter, Esther J., Janet K. Winter and Susan J. Emerson. "Will the real author please stand up: preventing plagiarism." 2003. <> (12 December 2004).
    Argues that an emphasis on writing and documentation skills can prevent plagiarism - and help students understand what academic writing is really about.

    Witherspoon, Abigail. "This pen is for hire: on grinding out papers for college students." Harper's Magazine 290 (1741), June 1995, 49ff. Infotrac General Reference Center Gold.  <> (17 December 2000).

    Writing Tutorial Services. "Plagiarism: What It is and How to Recognize and Avoid It." nd.  <> (12 June 2000).

    Wueste, Daniel.  "Response to UTSA Honor Code Controversy: Letter to USA Today."  Center for Academic Integrity, March 31, 2008.  <> (4 April 2008).
    Response to the UTSA honor code "scandal" - suggesting that we may be finding plagiarism where none really exists; points to the difference between the rigors of academic research and documentation of sources and other types of document.  See the stories as reported in the Houston Chronicle and USA Today.

    Wyman, Alisha. "Web betrays cheating students: Professors use Internet searches to identify increased plagiarism cases." Montana Kaimin, September 18, 2003. <> (22 September 2003).

    Yigit, Yasemin. "Internet Plagiarism : Downloading term papers and trouble from the Web." The Torch, June 1998. <> (8 March 2000).

    "You quote it, you note it! Interactive tutorial." Vaughan Memorial Library, 2004. <> (20 October 2006).
    Fun tutorial.

    Young, Jeffrey R. "Anti-Plagiarism Experts Raise Questions About Services With Links to Sites Selling Papers."  The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 12, 2002. <> (7 June 2002).
    Suggests that two plagiarism detection services (greyed out and un-linked in the list below) may have ties with paper mills; some professors are concerned that they might sell on papers sent to them for checking for plagiarism.

    Young, Jeffrey R. "The cat-and-mouse game of plagiarism detection."The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 6, 2001. <> (19 October 2001).

     Zwagerman, Sean. "The Scarlet P: Plagiarism, Panopticism, and the Rhetoric of Academic Integrity."  College Composition and Communication, Vol. 59, No. 4, June 2008. NCTE. <> 14 December 2009.
    Zwagerman argues, passionately, that blanket use of plagiarism detection software labels all students as cheats unless proven innocent, sews mistrust, and is against everything educators should be striving for.


    To the top of the page.

    Plagiarism detection software and detection services

    Several companies have free versions with limited capabilities and fee versions which search more thoroughly.
    Some fee companies have free trial offers.

    I would suggest that online plagiarism detection services, be they free or for fee, should be checked before money or text changes hands. They are often marketed as providing help to students before submission to their instructors. Some are genuine. Some of these companies also offer custom written essays, papers, dissertations and theses - and it is not beyond the bounds of reason to wonder if some of these actually keep, and then sell on, the papers submitted. Other services may check a limited number of (probably internet) sources - but not subscription services or any kind of database of past submissions. Inclusion of any site here does not imply endorsement or recommendation of that site or product.  Caveat emptor!

    Copycatch Gold. Software for discovering similarities in submitted papers; compares strings/ phrases and also keywords. <> Downloadable software; build your own database.

    copyfind: software to detect plagiarism.  Plagiarism Resource CenterSoftware, The University of Virginia. <> The Bloomfield program.

    Digital Integrity <> database and internet search; claims also to search invisible web resources.
    FindSame (free version) <> searches the internet.

    DocCop: free detection service which allows one to compare a (limited) number of papers, and also searches the internet. <>

    Duplichecker <> checks text using three top search engines. <> claims claimed to check against more than 2 billion web documents. Tied in with Plagiserve. Now appears to be a portal for ???.  The number of sponsored links to paper mills and cheat sites is distressing.

    Ephorus.  <>  Claims to lead in Europe (see also Debra Weber-Wulff above).

    EVE2. Essay Verification Engine. <> downloadable software.

    Glatt Plagiarism Program <> (free version, 1k max.) <>
    IntegriGuard <>

    Internet Essay Explorer. <>uses standard search engines.

    Mediaphor Plagiarism- Finder 1.0.9. <> A new (2004) plagiarism detection tool; the matches it seeks appear to be 'net only, though it does check a variety of file formats. Free trial offer available. <> (Comment 2003:) appears to have gone out of business, although keeps going. Meanwhile, if you go to the Plagiserve site, you are now re-directed to MyDropBox, a site which is very similar to Edutie, making much the same claims. Intriguing, especially as MyDropBox seems to be claiming that their home page has been up since 1999. Check out the About Us pages for more similarities.
    (Revisited 2006:) This site also features an online marking and commenting service.

    The Plagiarism Checker <> offers a free version and a subscription service which is claimed to be "3x as accurate as the free version." The software appears to be endorsed by the University of Maryland; do read the small print carefully.

    Plagiarism Detector <> provides software ($29.00) which will check text using several search engines. offers free and pay for services <> <> The TurnItIn company.

    PlagiatInform. <> From SearchInform.

    PlagiServe. <> free service. Tied in with EduTie. <> database and internet search; the database is large and growing. See

    Urkund <> searches student submissions, the internet, and a periodicals database.

    Viper Online Plagiarism Detector. Free downloadable detection software from University Dissertations, a company which also offers dissertations for free and custom written to order. <>

    Viper Online Plagiarism Detector is also available direct from <> Its home page includes a comparison with, showing just why Viper is superior (?) to the more well-known service.

    WordCHECK KeyWORD Software. <>

Return to Home Page
Return to Now readOn Home Page
To the top of this page
To the top of the page.
To RobCol Library
To Robert CollegeLibrary Home Page

John Royce,BA, MLib, MCLIP
Library Director, Robert College
Arnavutköy, TR-34345 Istanbul, Turkey.

A number of pages cited here can no longer be accessed at the URL given.
They may have moved to a different address, they may have been removed altogether.
This is one of the problems of internet citation - and of plagiarism detection!

Three things you can try:
<1>  copy and paste details from this page (eg author and/or title) into your favorite search engine/s and see if there is a new link;
<2>  use Google's cache to find a copy of the original - and print it out if you find it; the cache does not last forever!
<3>  see if there is a copy in The Wayback Machine at the Internet Archive, <>.

The URL of this page is
It was last revised on 13 April 2011.